Forest resources are critical capital for poor people in a number of countries supported by the EfD initiative. Villagers sell timber, work in forest-based tourism, and rely on forests for products like fuelwood, fodder, grazing and fruits that they consume themselves. Furthermore, forests provide benefits not directly used by farmers. For example, in mountainous areas forests protect watersheds from excessive erosion and flooding and provide worldwide values by sequestering carbon that would otherwise remain in the atmosphere. Creating mechanisms and incentives to improve the use of forest resources in the developing world is therefore of critical policy interest.
- china | Forestry Projection of Timber Supply and Demand Trends in China Based on an Econometric Model This study provides an overview and analysis of China’s timber market trends over the last two decades, along with projections to the year 2020. He, Hui, and Xu, Jintao (2012), Projection of Timber Supply and Demand Trends in China Based on an Econometric Model, Forest Products Journal V61 N7:543-551.
- kenya | Agriculture Climate change Energy Fisheries Forestry Parks & Wildlife Policy design Kenya State of Environment Report 2010 EfD-Kenya actively participated in the preparation of the Kenya State of Environment (SoE) Report 2010. EfD-K Researchers Dr. Wilfred Nyangena and Geophrey Sikei were authors in the report. Dr. Nyangena was the Lead Author for Chapter 11 of the report which dealt with Policy options for action. Geophrey was a contributing author in Chapter 11 and Chapter 6 dealing with Land, Agriculture and Livestock.
- central america rff usa | Forestry Ex Post Evaluation of Forest Conservation Policies Using Remote Sensing Data: An Introduction and Practical Guide Rigorous, objective evaluation of forest conservation policies in developing countries is needed to ensure that the limited financial, human, and political resources devoted to these policies are put to good use. Yet such evaluations remain uncommon. Blackman Allen, 2012, "Ex Post Evaluation of Forest Conservation Policies Using Remote Sensing Data An Introduction and Practical Guide", Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series, March 2012, EfD DP 12-05.
- china ethiopia kenya south africa tanzania | Energy Forestry The first Energy Workshop held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Research on energy demand in developing countries is important for many reasons. The existing widespread use of solid energy sources (e.g. fuelwood, dung, charcoal, coal, leaves, twigs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and in the developing world in general, has a number of environmental implications. Deforestation, disturbance in watersheds, indoor air pollution and loss of biodiversity are some to mention. On the other hand, climbing the “energy ladder” has implications for greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, understanding the pattern of household energy demand and its implications on the environment is crucial to formulate appropriate energy policies that affect household welfare, local environment and climate change.
- eeu sweden | Forestry Policy design Conserve or convert? Pan-tropical modeling of REDD–bioenergy competition The land competition between tropical bioenergy plantations and payments for forest carbon conservation (e.g., through an international scheme for Reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, REDD+) is modeled using spatially explicit data on biofuel feedstock (oil palm and sugar cane) suitability and forest biomass carbon stocks. Persson, U. M. 2012. Conserve or convert? Pan-tropical modeling of REDD–bioenergy competition. Biological Conservation 146:81-88.
- eeu sweden | Forestry Policy design REDD+ readiness implications for Sri Lanka in terms of reducing deforestation Any system to compensate countries for reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) requires a historical reference level against which future performance can be measured. Here we examine the possibilities Sri Lanka, a small forest country with limited data on forest carbon stocks, has to get ready for REDD+. We construct a historical reference level using available forest inventory data combined with updated 2008 and 2009 in situ carbon density data for Sri Lankan forests. Mattsson, E., U. M. Persson, M. Ostwald, and S. P. Nissanka. 2012. REDD+ readiness implications for Sri Lanka in terms of reducing deforestation. Journal of Environmental Management 100:29-40.
- tanzania | Forestry A Review of the Spatial Economics of Non‐timber Forest Product Extraction: Implications for Policy Patterns of forest cover and forest degradation determine the size and types of ecosystem services forests provide. Particularly in low-income countries, nontimber forest product (NTFP) extraction by rural people, which provides important resources and income to the rural poor, contributes to the level and pattern of forest degradation. Albers,H J., and Elizabeth J Z. Robinson, 2012, “ A Review of the Spatial Economics of Non‐timber Forest Product Extraction: Implications for Policy”, Journal of Ecological Economics: DOI information: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.01.021
- tanzania | Agriculture Climate change Forestry Effects of Deforestation on household Time Allocation among the Rural Agricultural Activities: Evidence from Central and Southern Tanzania Trees in forested and agricultural landscapes are particularly important because they provide high values of environmental services and biodiversity. In this proposed study we want to establish the link between deforestation, time allocation to fuel-wood collection and agriculture. We will use a non-separable (non-recursive mode) to test the participation of households in fuel-wood collection and farming activities using data from Central and Southern Tanzania. We would like to analyze how labour time, gender composition of the household, seasonality and agro-ecological differences affect household labour allocation decisions
- ethiopia | Agriculture Forestry Determinants of Farm Households’ Agro-Forestry Technology Adoption in Ethiopia Empirical evidences from developing countries indicate that forest products play a significant role in rural livelihoods, particularly for the rural poor. Forests provide benefits in the form of wood, food, income, and watershed protection which enable people to secure stable and adequate food supply. However, deforestation and the resulting environmental degradation is a major problem in most African countries including Ethiopia. This is considered as one of the key factors challenging food security, community livelihood and sustainable development. Reports on the forest resources of Ethiopia are dominated by the alarming deforestation that goes on unabated and at an accelerating rate. The magnitude of deforestation and land degradation by far exceeds the conservation activities being carried out.
- ethiopia | Energy Forestry Coping with Fuelwood scarcity: Household responses in rural Ethiopia This study uses survey data from randomly selected rural households in Ethiopia to examine the coping mechanisms employed by rural households to deal with fuelwood scarcity. The determinants of collecting other biomass energy sources were also examined. Damte, Abebe, Steven F. Koch and Alemu Mekonnen, 2012, "Coping with fuelwood scarcity: Household responses in rural Ethiopia", Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series January 2012, EfD DP 12-01.
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